Based on the Wikipedia page [1] which has more detail.

Libraries have been deliberately or accidentally destroyed or badly damaged. Sometimes a library is purposely destroyed as a form of cultural cleansing.

There are examples of accidentally destroyed libraries by human actions. Other times they are damaged by natural disasters like earthquakes, floods or accidental fires.

Human actionEdit

  • Xianyang Palace and State Archives, China
  • Library of Alexandria, Ancient Egypt
  • Library of Antioch, Ancient Syria
  • Library of the Serapeum
  • Library of Ctesiphon
  • Library of al-Hakam II
  • Library of Rayy
  • Library of Ghazna
  • Library of Nishapur
  • Nalanda
  • Imperial Library of Constantinople
  • House of Wisdom
  • Madrassah Library
  • Bibliotheca Corviniana
  • Glasney College
  • Maya codices of the Yucatán
  • Raglan Library
  • Library of Congress Washington,
  • University of Alabama
  • Royal library of the Kings of Burma
  • Hanlin Academy Library
  • Library of the Catholic University of Leuven
  • Public Records Office of Ireland
  • Institut für Sexualwissenschaft
  • National University of Tsing Hua, University Nan-k'ai, Institute of Technology of He-pei, Medical College of He-pei, Agricultural College of He-pei, University Ta Hsia, University Kuang Hua, National University of Hunan
  • Library of the Catholic University of Leuven
  • National Library of Serbia
  • SS. Cyril and Methodius National Library
  • Załuski Library
  • Lebanese National Library
  • National Library of Cambodia
  • Jaffna Public Library
  • Sikh Reference Library
  • Central University Library of Bucharest
  • Oriental Institute in Sarajevo
  • National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Abkhazian Research Institute of History, Language and Literature & National Library of Abkhazia
  • Pol-i-Khomri Public Library
  • Iraq National Library and Archive, Al-Awqaf Library, Central Library of the University of Baghdad, Library of Bayt al-Hikma, Central Library of the University of Mosul and other libraries
  • Egyptian Scientific Institute
  • Ahmed Baba Institute(Timbuktu library)
  • Libraries of Fisheries and Oceans Canada
  • Saeh Library
  • Mosul University libraries and private Libraries
  • Libraries in Anbar Province
  • Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences (INION) (partially?)
  • Mosul public library (Central Public Library in Ninawa)
  • Libraries in Anbar Province
  • Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences (INION)

Natural disastersEdit

  • Library of Celsus, Ephesus
  • Royal Library of Portugal, Ribeira Palace
  • Imperial University Library in Tokyo, Max Müller Library, Nishimura Library, Hoshino Library
  • National Library of Nicaragua Rubén Darío
  • Several libraries, archives, and museums India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Thailand, Sri Lanka as a result of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake (See also Wikipedia page [2])


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