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The National Library of Somalia was established in 1975 and is located in Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia. It came under the responsibility of the Ministry of Culture and Higher Education until the collapse of the government in 1991.
In 1983, it held approximately 7,000 books, little in the way of historical and cultural archival material, and was open to the general public. As a national library, it was described in a UNESCO report as having "no regular acquisition budget", unqualified staff, unsuitable premises, and as being, on the whole, "little developed